THE MUSEUM ANNEX

Citizenry, typography and umbrella manufactory in Lendava
52 Main Street

OPENING HOURS:
For information about opening hours click here.


180 YEARS OF PHARMACY IN LENDAVA (1835-2015)


An old postcard of the building where the exhibition is today

Citizenry, typography and umbrella manufactory in Lendava A permanent exhibition with the title ”Citizenry, typography and umbrella manufactory of Lendava” got its place in the former civil house in 52 Glavna ulica.

The house was built at the beginning of the 20th century. As all houses at that time, it was intended for residence on the first floor and for shops on the ground floor. The dismembered frontage of one of the most imposing neo-baroque buildings in Pomurje is decorated with beautifully shaped stucco. The top of the house used to be decorated with two baroque towers but only one is preserved.

A detail of the exhibition

The development of citizenry is presented in the first room of the museum. The period between 1867 and 1914 was the golden era of the town’s development. The civil life is illustrated with a study and a saloon at the right side of the display room. The furniture is wealthy decorated, upholstered with red velvet, carved out of softwood and painted in black and thus gives an impression of ebony. It used to be a property of the Jewish family in Lendava called Eppinger.

Citizenry, typography and umbrella manufactory in Lendava

The town was also proud of the umbrella manufactory which was probably the first one on the area of the Austro-Hungarian Empire. This was the ”Hungária Hazai Ernyőgyár Rt.” umbrella manufactory. It sprung up from Béla Wortman’s dressmaking factory in 1904 and proved itself to be so successful that in 1907, an imposing building was built in the western part of the town for the needs of the expanded umbrella manufactory.

Today, we can admire the renovated and nicely arranged building with elements of secessionism architecture in all its beauty. The building was raised by the construction company of Tamás Morandini, an Italian born living in Zalaegerszeg. In spite of many difficulties the umbrella manufactory stayed in operation with shorter and longer interruptions until 2001.

The exhibition displays photographic documents about the foundation of the factory, old machines taken from the former umbrella manufactory as well as modern procedures for umbrella manufacturing. The exhibition offers for visitors an insight in the history of the umbrella which, in the past, was not just a protection from the rainfall but also an important addition to lady’s clothing.

A detail of the exhibition Typography in Lendava

Typography in Lendava was begun in 1573 when the first book was printed on the area of today’s Slovenia. The other golden era for the development of typography which came after the Protestant Reformation period is connected to Gábor Kardos at the end of the 19th century. Later, at the end of 1910 the printing office of Ernő Balkányi and his family from Lendava was becoming more and more important.

Printing activity of the Balkányi family in Lendava, Murska Sobota and Čakovec in Croatia, which can be seen at the exhibition, as well as the activity of paper mills and bookshops, which were owned by Balkányi at many places in Pomurje and elsewhere on the area of today’s Slovenia are of a great significance. Namely, his printing office was printing ”Dolnjelendavske Novice” (Lower Lendava News) from 1889-1919 and the newspaper ”Ljudska pravica” (People’s Justice) during the 2nd World War.

The Balkányi family had been always printing excellent artistic editions at local, as well as national level, regardless of several difficult periods for printing.


180 YEARS OF PHARMACY IN LENDAVA (1835-2015)

From the immemorial, humankind always attempted to remedy their illnesses and health problems. Medicine and pharmaceutics became the most important professions in healing’s service. In the beginnings, doctors themselves made their own medicines, but later the two profession were separated.

The first pharmacy in the Mura-region was the Szentháromság Patika (Pharmacy of the Holy Trinity), which was established by Béla Kiss, a qualified chemist, in 1835. He sold the pharmacy to another chemist, Nándor Fúss Frigyes in 1885, who was an important public figure in Alsólendva (Dolnja Lendava / Unter Limbach). The pharmacy became the property of Stanko Sikic, after the World War I.; afterwards it was owned by Gyula Himmelsbach in 1940, who led the pharmacy until the nationalizations in 1945.

Furniture of the onetime pharmacy in Lendava

A detail of the exhibition

The furnitures of the pharmacy, as we can see now, dated back into the 19th c. and it is not only a pharmacy-historical exhibition, but also a a unique from historico-cultural and applied-arts viewpoints. The entrance of the pharmacy was decorated by the two exhibited reliefs; one of them is Hygia, the Greek godess of purity and healthiness; and the other is Esculapus, the Greek god of healing. Pharmacies ordinarily contain two premises. The first room is the so-called officina, which serves the customers. Long time ago, here we would find a cabinet with lots of drawers, shelves and pots, which was completed by cash register and a balance. We would see faience porcelain, wood and glass pots in the highest variability of form and function and those contained solutions, ointments and powders. The room in the backwards was the laboratroy, it was the scene of the medicine-making. Here we find the balance, themortars, pots and moulds for tablets and cones which made up medicines together. At one time, medicines were made by the commands of the doctors, however, sometimes the chemists themselves experimented with drugs to create appropriate chemicals, but they also made cosmetics, household chemicals and other chemical substances. Before the specialist books came into general use, chemists collected their prescriptions in handwritten books.

Dr. Zoltan Lendvai Kepe, museologist, Gallery-Museum Lendava (2015)

patika2015_DSC_7454.01apatika2015_DSC_7455.01apatika2015_DSC_7466.01apatika2015_DSC_7467.01apatika2015_DSC_7468.01apatika2015_DSC_7471.01a


THE BUILDING (52 MAIN STREET)

Zgradba - Az épület - The building 1 Zgradba - Az épület - The building 2 Zgradba - Az épület - The building 3 Zgradba - Az épület - The building 4


EXHIBTION PHOTOS

Dežnikarstvo Lendave - Lendva város ernyőgyártása - Umbrella manufactory in Lendava 1 Dežnikarstvo Lendave - Lendva város ernyőgyártása - Umbrella manufactory in Lendava 2 Detajl razstave tiskarstva Lendave - Részlet a lendvai nyomdászat kiállításából - A detail of the exhibition Typography in Lendava Detajl razstave tiskarstva Lendave - Részlet a lendvai nyomdászat kiállításából - A detail of the exhibition Typography in Lendava 3


ABOUT THE AUTHORS

The Embourgeoisement, the Printing and the Umbrella Manufacture of Lendva

The exhibition text was written and the exhibition organized by:
Zoltán Lendvai Kepe Ethnologist, Museum Specialist

Co-authors:
Dr. Bánfi Szilvia
Kepéné Bihar Mária
Dr. Nagy Zoltán
Plesa István

Graphic design:
Baumgartner Dubravko

We thank the donors:
Galerija-Muzej Lendava – Galéria-Múzeum Lendva
Göcseji Múzeum Zalaegerszeg
Javni sklad za kulturne dejavnosti Lendava
Knjižnica Lendava – Lendvai Könyvtár
Komunala Lendava – Lendva
Madžarska samoupravna narodna skupnost občine Lendava/Lendva Községi Magyar Nemzeti Önkormányzati Közösség
Magyar Nemzeti Múzeum, Restaurátori Főosztály
Nemzeti Kulturális Alap
Nemzeti Kulturális Örökség Minisztériuma
Ministrstvo za kulturo Republike Slovenije
Občina Lendava – Lendva Község
Országos Széchenyi Könyvtár Budapest
Pomurska madžarska narodna samoupravna skupnost/Muravidéki Magyar Nemzeti Önigazgatási Közösség
Razvojni javni sklad Lendava/Fejlesztési Közalap Lendva
Zala Megye Múzeumok Igazgatósága

Franjo Bajs
Alenka Galič
Göncz Károly
Dr. Hajós Ferenc
Kepe Etelka
Renata Lešnjak
Mencs Jolán
Dr. Nagy Zoltán

In preparing the exhibition the following people participated:
Franjo Bajs
Dubravko Baumgartner
Császár Dezső
Milan Gal
Franc Gerič
Göncz Károly
Kepéné Bihar Mária
Kovács Ferencné
Renata Lešnjak
Tanja Šimonka
Sabina Šinko
Varga Erika
Vida Annamarija

Lendava – Lendva, 2007
Lendava – Lendva, 2015